Summary: Oral history of poet Nguyen Chi Thien, born in Hanoi, Vietnam in 1939. He passed away on October 2, 2012 in Orange County, California at the age of 73. Nguyen Chi Thien grew up in a lower-middle class family and recalled experiences under French colonial rule before 1954 and under the Communist regime in North Vietnam after 1954. He spoke in detail of his imprisonment in 1961 for teaching history in Hai Phong that was deemed “propaganda” against the Communist government. He wrote hundreds of poems in his head throughout his terms of imprisonment. His poetry was published overseas and continues to be banned in Vietnam. He left Vietnam via the Orderly Departure Program in 1995 and resettled in Santa Ana, California.